7. Everyone knows what a sore throat feels like.
It’s one of the most common health complaints, particularly during the cold months of the year, when respiratory diseases are at their peak. A sore throat is a pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. It is the inflammation of the fauces and pharynx.
The most common cause of a sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own.
Other viral illnesses that may enhance sore throat include:
• Mononucleosis (mono)
• Croup — a common childhood illness characterized by a harsh, barking cough.
Bacterial factors and infections are also factors that may cause sore throat. The most common is Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A streptococcus, which causes strep throat.